Civil law is the essential part of private law which regulates material and, partly, private relationships between natural persons, legal persons, and organizational units which are not legal persons but have legal personality. It also comprises judicial condition of persons and things within civil-law relationships and rights liabilities of the units within such relationships.
Civil Code is the legal basis for civil law. Within civil law there exist general civil law, property law, inheritance law, law of obligations and family law. General law comprises all matters common for all branches of civil law including judicial proceedings and personal law.
Law of obligations
Law of obligations comprises rules of exchange of goods and services between units. Obligation is a legal relationship which means, that a creditor is enabled to require having particular service rendered by the debtor. The service may mean undertaking particular activities like performing an action or paying a sum of money or forbearing from an activity, which the debtor is usually obliged to do. The creditor may demand having the activity done and enforcement of the service. Law of obligations contains the general part comprising all relationships of units and details which comprise particular types of obligations.